Complaints soar over overbooked flights
Airline passengers are getting grumpier, and its little wonder.
Airlines keep shrinking the size of seats to stuff more people onto planes, those empty middle seats that once provided a little more room are now occupied and more people with tickets are being turned away because flights are overbooked.
Private researchers who analyzed federal data on airline performance also said in a report being released Monday that consumer complaints to the Department of Transportation surged by one-fifth last year even though other measures such as on-time arrivals and mishandled baggage show airlines are doing a better job. The full report can be found online at www.airlinequalityrating.com.
The way airlines have taken 130-seat airplanes and expanded them to 150 seats to squeeze out more revenue I think is finally catching up with them, said Dean Headley, a business professor at Wichita State University who has co-written the annual report for 23 years.
The industry is even looking at ways to make todays smaller-than-a-broom closet toilets more compact in the hope of squeezing a few more seats onto planes.
I cant imagine the uproar that making toilets smaller might generate, Headley said. Nevertheless, he added, Will it keep them from flying? I doubt it would.
In recent years, some airlines have shifted to larger planes that can carry more people, but that hasnt been enough to make up for an overall reduction in flights.
The rate at which passengers with tickets were denied seats because planes were full rose to 0.97 denials per 10,000 passengers last year, compared with 0.78 in 2011.Plane seats full
It used to be in cases of overbookings that airlines usually could find a passenger who would volunteer to give up a seat in exchange for cash, a free ticket or some other compensation with the expectation of catching another flight later that day or the next morning. Not anymore.
Since flights are so full, there are no seats on those next flights. So people say, No, not for $500, not for $1,000, said airline industry analyst Robert W. Mann Jr.
Regional carrier SkyWest had the highest involuntary denied boardings rate last year, 2.32 per 10,000 passengers.
But not every airline overbooks flights in an effort to keep seats full. JetBlue and Virgin America were the industry leaders in avoiding denied boardings, with rates of 0.01 and 0.07, respectively.
United Airlines had the highest consumer complaint rate of the 14 airlines included in the report, with 4.24 complaints per 100,000 passengers. That was nearly double the airlines complaint rate the previous year. Southwest had the lowest rate, at 0.25.
Consumer complaints were significantly higher in the peak summer travel months of June, July and August when planes are especially crowded.
The complaints are regarded as indicators of a larger problem because many passengers dont realize they can file complaints with the Transportation Department, which regulates airlines.On-time arrivals
At the same time complaints were increasing, airlines were doing a better job of getting passengers to their destinations on time.
The industry average for on-time arrival rate was 81.8 percent of flights, compared with 80 percent in 2011. Hawaiian Airlines had the best on-time performance record, 93.4 percent in 2012. ExpressJet and American Airlines had the worst records with only 76.9 percent of their planes arriving on time last year.